Physics

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Four MIT graduate students have been awarded 2018 United States Department of Energy (DoE) Computational Science Graduate Fellowships to address intractable challenges in science and engineering. Nationwide, MIT garnered the most fellowships out of this year’s 26 recipients. The fellows receive full tuition and additional financial support, access to a network of alumni, and valuable practicum
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Radha Mastandrea wants to know what the universe is made of. More specifically, she wants to know about tiny pieces of it called quarks, the particles that make up other, bigger particles such as protons and neutrons. The more we know about those, she says, the more we know about the building blocks of all
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Four members of the MIT community have been elected as fellows of the American Physical Society for 2018. The distinct honor is bestowed on less than 0.5 percent of the society’s membership each year. APS Fellowship recognizes members that have completed exceptional physics research, identified innovative applications of physics to science and technology, or furthered physics education. Nominated by
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Angelika Amon, an MIT professor of biology, is one of five scientists who will receive a 2019 Breakthrough Prize in Life Sciences, given for transformative advances toward understanding living systems and extending human life. Amon, the Kathleen and Curtis Marble Professor in Cancer Research and a member of MIT’s Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research,
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Growing up in the small city of Viseu in central Portugal, Nuno Loureiro knew he wanted to be a scientist, even in the early years of primary school when “everyone else wanted to be a policeman or a fireman,” he recalls. He can’t quite place the origin of that interest in science: He was 17
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The way that ordinary materials undergo a phase change, such as melting or freezing, has been studied in great detail. Now, a team of researchers has observed that when they trigger a phase change by using intense pulses of laser light, instead of by changing the temperature, the process occurs very differently. Scientists had long
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Center for Theoretical Physics professors Daniel Harlow, Aram Harrow, Hong Liu and Jesse Thaler have been named recipients of research awards in the U.S. Department of Energy’s new program in Quantum Information Science (QIS).  The awards were made in conjunction with the White House Summit on Advancing American Leadership in QIS, highlighting the high priority that
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Representatives from the MIT-Germany Program and the University of Stuttgart (USTUTT) recently came together to formally extend a strategic partnership first created in 2015. The agreement aims to forge a closer relationship between the two universities in both research and teaching. Professor Markus Buehler, MIT-Germany faculty director and head of the Department of Civil and
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Stephen Hawking’s final scientific paper has been released by physicists who worked with the late cosmologist on his career-long effort to understand what happens to information when objects fall into black holes. The work, which tackles what theoretical physicists call “the information paradox”, was completed in the days before Hawking’s death in March. It has
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More than 1,600 scientists have backed a campaign condemning the Italian researcher who claimed physics was “invented and built by men”. They have signed a petition in response to comments made by Prof Alessandro Strumia of Pisa University, who said male scientists were being discriminated against because of ideology. After making the comments during a
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Paramedics must perform rapid assessments when responding to any emergency medical situation. Understanding a patient’s condition is critical to making a more informed decision to improve outcomes, but a high-stress environment and the need to process a lot of information quickly can sometimes lead to a misdiagnosis. Challenged to reimagine the ambulance of the future,
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Three MIT researchers, representing the departments of Physics, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and the Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE), are among 31 scientists and engineers nationwide who have been awarded three-year, $450,000 research grants by the U.S. Air Force’s Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR). Selected from a pool of more than 290 proposals, the three
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Nobel Prize-winning scientist Donna Strickland did not have a Wikipedia page until she became a Nobel laureate, and earlier attempts to write a page for her were rejected because she was not famous enough.   Strickland won the 2018 Nobel Prize for Physics for breakthroughs in the field of lasers on Tuesday alongside French scientist
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Three scientists have been awarded the 2018 Nobel prize in physics for creating groundbreaking tools from beams of light. The American physicist Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou from France, and Donna Strickland in Canada will share the 9m Swedish kronor (£770,000) prize announced by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm on Tuesday. Strickland is
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10.25am BST10:25 On a tangent to the prize, the physics community is still reeling from yesterday’s revelations that a senior scientist with Cern (which has been an academic home to a fair few Nobel prize winners), gave a presentation in which he argued male scientists were being discriminated against, and that physics was “invented and
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When Juan Ruiz Ruiz arrived at MIT he was not planning a career in fusion research. A visiting student from École Polytechnique in Paris, he was finishing his master’s degree project and joining the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics, ready to pursue further studies at MIT’s Space Propulsion Lab. But something about fusion energy sparked
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Martin Rees, a well-respected British cosmologist, has made a pretty bold statement when it comes to particle accelerators: there’s a small, but real possibility of disaster. Particle accelerators, like the Large Hadron Collider, shoot particles at incredibly high speeds, smash them together, and observe the fallout.   These high speed collisions have helped us discover
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A small group of scientists will achieve international stardom this week. They will learn they have won Nobel prizes in physiology, chemistry and physics, and their lives will be transformed. Each will win hundreds of thousands of pounds and they will be feted as infallible sages on science – and other topics outside their expertise.
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When The Planets was completed in 1916, little was known about the physical nature of the worlds represented musically by Gustav Holst, and he didn’t care. His focus was on the planets as metaphors for different facets of the psyche; War, Peace, Jollity, Old Age, Messenger, Magician and Mystic. Indeed, Holst wrote parts of the
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While quantum technologies have great long-term potential in computing applications, they are closer to practical use in sensing devices that will open new vistas in metrology, biology, neuroscience, and many other fields by enabling measurement of structures as small as individual photons, particles, and neurons. New research from MIT’s interdisciplinary Quantum Engineering Group (QEG) is
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Just as an oven gives off more heat to the surrounding kitchen as its internal temperature rises, the Earth sheds more heat into space as its surface warms up. Since the 1950s, scientists have observed a surprisingly straightforward, linear relationship between the Earth’s surface temperature and its outgoing heat. But the Earth is an incredibly
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Nanotechnology, the cutting-edge research field that explores ultrasmall materials, organisms, and devices, has now been graced with the largest, most sophisticated, and most accessible university research facility of its kind in the U.S.: It is the new $400 million MIT.nano building, which will have its official opening ceremonies next week. The state-of-the-art facility includes two
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Inexpensive clean energy sounds like a pipe dream. Scientists have long thought that nuclear fusion, the type of reaction that powers stars like the Sun, could be one way to make it happen, but the reaction has been too difficult to maintain.    Now, we’re closer than ever before to making it happen — physicists from the University
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The MIT School of Science recently welcomed 10 new professors in the departments of Biology Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, and Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences. Tristan Collins conducts research at the intersection of geometric analysis, partial differential equations, and algebraic geometry. In joint work with Valentino Tosatti, Collins described the singularity formation of